Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are the numerical translation of a country’s efforts to reduce harmful emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. More than just administrative reports, NDCs help a country monitor what actions are needed to fulfill its commitments to the Paris Agreement. African countries have been largely reliant on external bodies to help them prepare these reports, to comply with required standardisation. There is widespread call for increased support to enable African countries to carry out their own monitoring and reporting capabilities, while raising their level of ambition.
In response to a new AFREC energy statistics questionnaire in 2021, Mozambique nominated 5 new national focal points and officially requested capacity building support, as well as support to establish a national energy information system. The NDC Support Center, a joint initiative between VITO, AFREC and CO2logic, has strong expertise in the creation and maintenance of energy databases and data warehouses. With AFREC’s support, and close cooperation from Enabel Mozambique, IRENA and Universidad Eduardo Mondlane, the NDC Support Center will essentially be extended to Mozambique. AFREC will help deliver on-the-job training and co-development of systems and reporting formats.
The local skills necessary for collecting, processing and analysing energy data/statistics, as well as supporting the country’s energy modelling, will effectively be enhanced. Ultimately, Mozambique should find itself capable of preparing and monitoring its own NDCs and national action plans for its energy sector.