The Miombo woodlands is south-central Africa’s most extensive tropical dry forest ecosystem. Spanning some 2.7 million km2, it harbours globally significant biodiversity. Mozambique’s Chibabava district falls within the Miombo woodlands. Here, increased average temperatures, erratic rainfall patterns and extreme weather events, such as cyclones and droughts, have undermined the local population’s agricultural production and led to chronic food insecurity. Many households have been forced into exploiting the Miombo woodlands for timber, non-timber forest products and charcoal production to sell in urban markets, which is threatening the woodlands’ biodiversity.
A socio-economic and agroecosystem knowledge survey will be conducted with communities to develop an in-depth understanding of their livelihood circumstances. The aim is to gain insights into how climate change and changing economic pressures are impacting people, at both household and community level, together with what this means for efforts to regenerate the Miombo woodlands. Working together with local community participants, suitable restoration areas will be identified to exclude from dryland cultivation, timber/fuelwood extraction and charcoal production. Community-led actions will be used to speed up woodland regeneration through planting of native species from a tree nursery. Carbon sequestration in the Miombo ecosystem regeneration project will be certified via the Plan Vivo carbon certification scheme, which will provide the means for long-term socio-environmental reinvestments in the area for the next 20 years through climate action.
300 hectares of Miombo woodland will be restored through integration with riverside agroforestry plots. Two plant nurseries will be established. One for enrichment planting with key indigenous species to boost regeneration. The other to supply agroforestry cultivation plots. These nurseries will each raise ca. 3,000 plants per year. Two demonstration agroforestry plots will be established, with low-cost irrigation systems, sustainable cultivation techniques and plantings of timber, fruit and nut trees.